Add the weights given below to the product weights given on our price lists for a total gross weight of product. You can use the dimensions given for Federal Express shipments of single pails.
Pallets 
Item 

Dimensions (L x W x H) 

Empty weights 

(Inches) 
(Centimeters) 
(Pounds) 
(Kilograms) 
Wooden Pallet (solid oak) 
45 x 50 x 5 
114 x 127 x 12 
55 to 75 
25 to 34 
Wooden Pallet 
45 x 48 x 5 
114 x 122 x 12 
38 to 54 
17 to 24 
Wooden Pallet (standard) 
40 x 48 x 5 
102 x 122 x 12 
32 to 45 
15 to 21 
Plastic Pallet 
40 x 48 x 5 
102 x 122 x 12 
20 to 30 
9 to 13 
Note: pallet length and width dimensions can vary by ± 2 inches, ± 5 cm. Pallet height can vary by ± 1 inch, 2.5 cm. 
Liquid Products 
Item 

Dimensions (L x W x H) 

Empty weights 

(Inches) 
(Centimeters) 
(Pounds) 
(Kilograms) 
250gallon tote 
40 x 48 x 42 
102 x 122 x 107 
90 to 100 
41 to 45 
Note: container is mounted on a pallet. The empty weight includes the weight of the pallet. 
55allon plastic drum 

24 dia. x 34 
61 dia. x 86 

24 to 30 
11 to 14 
55gallon steel drum 
24 dia. x 34 
61 dia. x 86 
32 to 36 
15 to 16 
5gallon plastic pail 
12.5 dia. x 19 
32 dia. x 48 
3.3 
1.48 
5gallon steel pail 
11 dia. x 14 
28 dia. x 35 
4.6 
2.1 
0 
Box for steel pail 

12.5 x 12.5 x 15 
32 x 32 x 38 

2.2 
1.0 
0 
4x1 gallon case 

12.6 x 12.6 x 12.6 
32 x 32 x 32 

2.5 
1.15 
Pallet Quantity Shipping Volumes
Palletized Liquid Products 
Item 

Dimensions (L x W x H) 

Volumes 
250gallon tote 
(Inches) 
(Centimeters) 
(Cubic Feet) 
(Cubic Meters) 
250gallon tote 
40 x 48 x 42 
102 x 122 x 107 
46.67 
1.32 
0 
55gallon drums x 4 

45 x 50 x 39 
114 x 127 x 99 

50.78 
1.44 
55gallon drums x 3 
40 x 48 x 39 
102 x 122 x 99 
43.33 
1.23 
0 
5gallon plastic pail x 9 

40 x 48 x 24 
102 x 122 x 61 

26.67 
0.76 
5gallon plastic pail x 12 
40 x 50 x 24 
102 x 127 x 61 
27.78 
0.79 
5gallon plastic pail x 18 
40 x 48 x 43 
102 x 122 x 110 
47.78 
1.35 
gallon plastic pail x 24 
40 x 50 x 43 
102 x 127 x 110 
49.77 
1.41 
0 
5gallon steel pail x 12 

40 x 48 x 19 
102 x 122 x 49 

21.11 
0.6 
5gallon steel pail x 24 
40 x 48 x 33 
102 x 122 x 84 
36.67 
1.04 
5gallon steel pail x 36 
40 x 48 x 47 
102 x 122 x 120 
52.22 
1.48 
0 
Boxed steel pail x 9 

40 x 48 x 20 
102 x 122 x 51 

22.22 
0.63 
Boxed steel pail x 12 
40 x 50 x 20 
102 x 127 x 51 
23.15 
0.66 
Boxed steel pail x 18 
40 x 48 x 35 
102 x 122 x 89 
38.89 
1.1 
Boxed steel pail x 24 
40 x 50 x 35 
102 x 127 x 89 
40.51 
1.15 
Boxed steel pail x 27 
40 x 48 x 50 
102 x 122 x 127 
55.56 
1.57 
Boxed steel pail x 36 
40 x 50 x 50 
102 x 127 x 127 
57.87 
1.64 
0 
4x1 gallon case x 9 

40 x 48 x 17 
102 x 122 x 44 

18.89 
0.53 
4x1 gallon case x 12 
40 x 51 x 17 
102 x 130 x 44 
20.07 
0.57 
4x1 gallon case x 18 
40 x 48 x 30 
102 x 122 x 76 
33.33 
0.94 
4x1 gallon case x 24 
40 x 51 x 30 
102 x 130 x 76 
35.42 
1.0 
4x1 gallon case x 27 
40 x 48 x 42 
102 x 122 x 107 
46.67 
1.32 
4x1 gallon case x 36 
40 x 51 x 42 
102 x 130 x 107 
49.58 
1.4 
Ocean Shipping Container Capacities

Item 

Dimensions (L x W x H) 

Maximum Weight 

(Inches) 
(Centimeters) 
(Pounds) 
(Kilogram) 
20foot container 
234 x 92 x 96 
595 x 234 x 244 
35,000 
15,890 
40foot container 
474 x 92 x 96 
1204 x 234 x 244 
45,000 
20,430 
The maximum allowable weight of the 40foot container is not necessarily double that of the smaller 20foot container, due to ground transportation regulations, which limit the weight that a truck is, permitted to carry on US highways.
Here is how to calculate what will fit in a shipping container:
1. Choose which sizeshipping container: 20foot or 40foot container.
2. Choose the product.
3. Calculate how many pieces of product will fit on a standard pallet.
4. Calculate the gross weight of one product piece: net weight of product + empty weight of its container or package.
5. Calculate gross weight of one piece x number of pieces that will fit on the pallet.
6. Add the weight of the empty pallet to the previous total, to obtain the gross pallet weight.
7. Divide the capacity of the shipping container by the gross pallet weight, to determine the maximum number of pallets that can be put in the container.
For space limitations, no more than 16 pallets can be put in a 20foot container, no more than 36 pallets in a 40foot container. On 40foot containers,
total weight is usually the limiting factor, which results in fewer than 36 pallets capacity.
8. For the total shipping weight, multiply the gross pallet weight by the number of pallets to be put in the shipping container.
Bacterial products
a.) Liquid 250gallon tote are considered as one pallet. Eight pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets of liquid product would exceed the weight capacity of the container. A second layer of 8 pallets of dry products is possible, provided that the total weight is under the limit specified for the shipping container.
20foot container: 14 to 16 tote, depending on product density.
40foot container: 15 to 20 tote, depending on product density.
b.) Dry 500pound tote are considered as one pallet. Eight pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets of liquid product may be stacked on top of the first.
20foot container: 16 tote.
40foot container: 36 tote.
c.) Liquid 55gallon drums should only be stacked one layer high, per pallet. For these, the larger 45 x 50 x 5 solid oak pallet is usually used, for holding 4 drums; the standard pallet may be used for 3 drums or less. One to four drums per pallet. Eight pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets of liquid product may be stacked on top of the first, provided that the total weight capacity is not exceeded. This may require that the second layer have 3 drums per pallet, on some of the pallets, depending on product density.
20foot container: 48 to 64 drums, depending on product density.
40foot container: 64 to 88 drums, depending on product density.
d.) Dry 50pound fiber drums should be stacked no more than two layers high. One layer (3 x 3 drums) = 9 drums; two layers = 18 drums. If packed 3 x 4 drums per layer, there would be 2.5 inches overhang, on a standard pallet. This would have to be considered, when calculating shipping volume, were the pallets to be shipped individually. With the overhang, there would be 12 drums for one layer, 24 drums for two layers. In either case, 8 pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets may be stacked on top of these.
20foot container: 288 drums (2 layers x 9 per layer x 16 pallets)
384 drums (2 layers x 12 per layer x 16 pallets)
40foot container: 648 drums (2 layers x 9 per layer x 36 pallets)
792 drums (2 layers x 12 per layer x 33 pallets) limited by weight
e.) Liquid 5gallon pails should be stacked no more than two layers high, per pallet. One layer (3 x 3 pails) = 9 drums; two layers = 18 pails. If packed 3 x 4 pails per layer, there would be 2.5 inches overhang, on a standard pallet. This would have to be considered, when calculating shipping volume, were the pallets to be shipped individually. With the overhang, there would be 12 pails for one layer, 24 pails for two layers. In either case, 8 pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets may be stacked on top of these.
20foot container: 288 pails (2 layers x 9 per layer x 16 pallets)
384 pails (2 layers x 12 per layer x 16 pallets)
40foot container: 648 pails (2 layers x 9 per layer x 36 pallets)
864 pails (2 layers x 12 per layer x 36 pallets)
f.) Dry 25pound pails should be stacked no more than two layers high, per pallet. One layer (3 x 3 pails) = 9 drums; two layers = 18 pails. If packed 3 x 4 pails per layer, there would be 2.5 inches overhang, on a standard pallet. This would have to be considered, when calculating shipping volume, were the pallets to be shipped individually. With the overhang, there would be 12 pails for one layer, 24 pails for two layers. In either case, 8 pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets may be stacked on top of these.
20foot container: 288 pails (2 layers x 9 per layer x 16 pallets)
384 pails (2 layers x 12 per layer x 16 pallets)
40foot container: 648 pails (2 layers x 9 per layer x 36 pallets)
864 pails (2 layers x 12 per layer x 36 pallets)
g.) 4x1gallon cases may be stacked no more than three layers high. One layer (3 x 3 cases) = 9 cases; two layers = 18 cases; three layers = 27 cases. If packed 3 x 4 cases per layer, there would be 2.5 inches overhang, on a standard pallet. This would have to be considered, when calculating shipping volume, were the pallets to be shipped individually. With the overhang, one layer = 12 cases; two layers = 24 cases; three layers = 36 cases. Since the case cartons will not support the weight of an additional layer of pallets on top of them, these may be considered for a second pallet layer in shipment with another product as the first pallet layer of the container.
20foot container: 216 cases (3 layers x 9 per layer x 8 pallets) limited by carton strength
288 cases (3 layers x 12 per layer x 8 pallets)limited by carton strength
40foot container: 486 cases (3 layers x 9 per layer x 18 pallets)limited by carton strength
648 cases (3 layers x 12 per layer x 18 pallets)limited by carton strength
Fuel Additive products
a.) 55gallon steel drums should only be stacked one layer high, per pallet. For these, the larger 45 x 50 x 5 solid oak pallet is usually used, for holding 4 drums; the standard pallet may be used for 3 drums or less. One to four drums per pallet. Eight pallets will fit on a 20foot container floor. A second layer of 8 pallets of liquid product may be stacked on top of the first, provided that the total weight capacity for the shipping container is not exceeded. This may require that the second layer have 3 pieces per pallet, on some of the pallets, depending on product density.
20foot container: 60 to 64 drums, depending on product density.
40foot container: 76 to 104 drums, depending on product density.
b.) 5gallon steel pails should be stacked no more than three layers high, per pallet. Stacked, without their cartons, twelve of them will fit on a pallet, without any overhang. If they must be packed in cartons, there will be a 2.5inch overhang, when 12boxed pails are put on a standard pallet. 216 (3 layers of 9 pcs, per pallet) or 288 (3 layers of 12 pcs, per pallet) per 20foot container.
20foot container: 360 pails (3 layers x 9 per layer x 8 pallets, bottom layer only +
2 layers x 9 per layer x 8 pallets) total height restriction
480 pails (3 layers x 12 per layer x 8 pallets, bottom layer only +
2 layers x 12 per layer x 8 pallets) total height restriction
40foot container: 648 pails (2 layers x 9 per layer x 36 pallets)
864 pails (2 layers x 12 per layer x 36 pallets)
Pallet Specifications
Pallet Designation 
Pallet Configuration 
Length 
Width 
Height 
Weight 
A 
Pallet w/ 36 pails
(3 layers of 12 pails) 
48”
121.9 cm 
40”
99.1 cm 
48”
121.9 cm 
1750 lbs
795 kg 
B 
Pallet w/ 48 pails
(3 layers of 16 pails) 
48”
121.9 cm 
48”
121.9 cm 
48”
121.9 cm 
2310 lbs
1050 kg 
C 
Pallet w/ 48 pails
(4 layers of 12 pails) 
48”
121.9 cm 
40”
99.1 cm 
62.5”
158.8 cm 
2310 lbs
1050 kg 
D 
Pallet w/ 64 pails
(4 layers of 16 pails) 
48”
121.9 cm 
48”
121.9 cm 
62.5”
158.8 cm 
3060 lbs
1091 kg 
Container Specifications
Container Size 
Payload
lbs. 
Door Width Opening (in.) 
Door Height Opening (in.) 
Inside Width (in.) 
Inside Height (in.) 
Useable Floor Length (in.) 
No. 5Gallon Pails Palletized 
Weight of Product Palletized lbs. 
20 ft. 
48,721 
90” 
89” 
92” 
93” 
233” 
448 
21,480 
40 ft. 
60,401 
90” 
89” 
92” 
93” 
474” 
944 
45,330 
20 Foot Container
No. of Pallets 
Pallet Designation 
No. of Pails 
Weight (lbs.) 
4 
C 
192 
9,240 
4 
D 
256 
12,240 

TOTAL 
448 
21,480 
40 Foot Container
No. of Pallets 
Pallet Designation 
No. of Pails 
Weight (lbs.) 
4 
B 
192 
9,240 
9 
C 
432 
20,790 
5 
D 
320 
15,300 

TOTAL 
944 
45,330 
